Getting ready for the IIT JEE exam can be a thrilling journey, like riding a rollercoaster. But don't worry, future engineers! In this guide, we'll make understanding the IIT JEE Physics syllabus a breeze. We'll break down the important topics, and key concepts, and share tips to help you succeed. So, let's take a dive into the world of IIT JEE Physics! 🚀📚
The Physics syllabus for the upcoming exam will be available online. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will soon release the complete JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus on its official website.
Once it's out, you can easily download the syllabus in PDF format from the website. This syllabus will cover all the necessary topics for effective exam preparation.
To excel in the JEE Main exam, it's essential to know which topics carry more weight. By checking the JEE Main Physics syllabus with weightage, you can identify the important topics that need extra attention. Also, looking at previous year's question papers can help you understand which topics are more significant and assess how well-prepared you are.
For a deeper understanding of the Physics syllabus for IIT JEE, you can read our blog.
The JEE Main exam will be conducted online by the NTA. So, get ready, stay focused, and make the most of the available resources to excel in the Physics section of the JEE Main 2024. 🚀💪
Now, let's go into the details of the IIT JEE PHYSICS SYLLABUS:

These experiments and activities help students understand various physical principles and measurement techniques. 📏🔬

When preparing for the JEE Main 2024 exam, having the right resources is essential, and choosing the right books that align with the syllabus can greatly aid your preparation. Here's a selection of highly recommended books to help you in your JEE Main journey:

The

**Section- A (Theory):**

**UNIT 1: PHYSICS & MEASUREMENT**

Physics and Measurement Topics |
Description |
---|---|

S.I. Units | Universal units of measurement are known as S.I. Units. |

Fundamental and Derived Units | Basic units and those derived from them, like speed. |

Least Count | Precision of measurement tools, indicating the smallest unit of measurement. |

Accuracy and Precision | The importance of being both accurate and precise in scientific measurements. |

Errors in Measurement | Types of measurement errors and how to handle them. |

Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis | Understanding the dimensions of physical quantities and using dimensional analysis. |

Weightage | In the JEE Main exam, Physics and Measurement make up 4% of the content. It's the foundation for your physics journey! 🚀💡 |

**UNIT 2: KINEMATICS**

Kinematics Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Frame of Reference | Understanding the point of view for observing motion. |

Motion in a Straight Line | Describing and analyzing motion in a straight path. |

Position-Time Graph | Using graphs to represent an object's journey in time. |

Speed and Velocity | Differentiating between speed (magnitude) and velocity (includes direction). |

Uniform and Non-Uniform Motion | Exploring consistent and changing motion. |

Average Speed and Instantaneous Velocity | Calculating overall speed and speed at a specific moment. |

Uniformly Accelerated Motion | Understanding motion with constant changes in speed. |

Velocity-Time and Position-Time Graphs | Analyzing motion through graphs. |

Scalars and Vectors | Differentiating between quantities with and without direction. |

Vector Addition and Subtraction | Combining and subtracting vectors. |

Zero Vector | Learning about vectors that cancel each other. |

Scalar and Vector Products | Understanding different ways to manipulate vectors. |

Unit Vector | Introduction to a standardized way of expressing direction. |

Resolution of a Vector | Breaking a vector into its components. |

Relative Velocity | Describing the motion of two objects relative to each other. |

Motion in a Plane | Studying motion in two dimensions. |

Projectile Motion | Understanding how objects move when launched into the air. |

Uniform Circular Motion | Exploring motion in a circle at a constant speed. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these kinematic topics collectively make up 3% of the content.**UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION**

Laws of Motion Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Force and Inertia | Understanding force and the resistance to change in motion. |

Newton's First Law of Motion | Learning about objects at rest and in uniform motion. |

Momentum | Examining the quantity of motion in an object. |

Newton's Second Law of Motion | Exploring how force affects an object's acceleration. |

Impulses | Understanding how force acts over a short time. |

Newton's Third Law of Motion | Discovering the equal and opposite nature of action and reaction. |

Law of Conservation of Linear Momentum | Observing how the total momentum of a closed system remains constant. |

Applications of Linear Momentum | Seeing how these principles apply in various situations. |

Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces | Analyzing the balance of forces acting at a single point. |

Static and Kinetic Friction | Distinguishing between forces that resist motion and those that act during motion. |

Laws of Friction | Exploring the principles governing friction. |

Rolling Friction | Understanding the friction in rolling motion. |

Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion | Delving into the forces that keep objects moving in circles. |

Centripetal Force | Studying the force that maintains circular motion. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, Laws of Motion topics make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for grasping how objects move and interact in the physical world. 🚀📊**UNIT 4: WORK, ENERGY, AND POWER**

Work, Energy, and Power Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Work done by a constant force and a variable force | Understanding work done by forces, including varying forces. |

Kinetic and potential energies | Learning about the energy associated with motion and position. |

Work-energy theorem | Understanding the relationship between work and energy. |

Power | Examining the rate at which work is done. |

Potential energy of spring | Exploring the energy stored in a compressed or stretched spring. |

Conservation of mechanical energy | Observing how energy remains constant in certain situations. |

Uniformly accelerated motion | Understanding motion with constant acceleration. |

Velocity-time and position-time graphs | Analyzing motion using graphs of velocity and position over time. |

Conservative and non-conservative forces | Distinguishing between forces that conserve energy and those that don't. |

Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions | Studying the outcomes of different types of collisions. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these topics in Work, Energy, and Power make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending how work, energy, and motion are interconnected. 🚀📊**UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION**

Rotational Motion Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Center of Mass of a Two-Particle System | Understanding where the combined mass is concentrated in a two-particle system. |

Center of Mass of a Rigid Body | Finding the point within a solid object where all its mass can be considered concentrated. |

Basic Concepts of Rotational Motion | Exploring the fundamental ideas behind objects that rotate. |

Moment of a Force | Understanding the turning effect of a force around a point. |

Torque | Examining the force that causes rotational motion. |

Angular Momentum | Studying the momentum of a rotating object. |

Conservation of Angular Momentum and its Applications | Observing how angular momentum remains constant and its practical uses. |

Moment of Inertia | Understanding an object's resistance to rotational motion. |

Radius of Gyration | Finding the distance from the axis of rotation where the mass could be concentrated. |

Values of Moments of Inertia for Simple Geometrical Objects | Knowing the moments of inertia for basic shapes. |

Parallel and Perpendicular Axes Theorems and their Applications | Using theorems to calculate moments of inertia. |

Rigid Body Rotation Equations of Rotational Motion | Delving into the equations that describe rotating objects. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, topics related to Rotational Motion make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for grasping how objects rotate and the associated mathematical relationships. 🚀📊**UNIT 6: GRAVITATION**

Gravitation Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Universal Law of Gravitation | Understanding the fundamental law governing gravity. |

Acceleration Due to Gravity | Examining how objects accelerate towards Earth. |

Variation of Gravity with Altitude and Depth | Exploring how gravity changes as you go higher or deeper into the Earth. |

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion | Discovering the laws governing the motion of planets around the Sun. |

Gravitational Potential Energy | Learning about the energy associated with gravitational forces. |

Gravitational Potential | Understanding the concept of gravitational potential. |

Escape Velocity | Studying the speed needed to escape a celestial body's gravitational pull. |

Orbital Velocity of a Satellite | Examining the speed required for a satellite to maintain its orbit. |

Geostationary Satellites | Exploring satellites that appear stationary relative to Earth. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Gravitation topics make up 2% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending the forces that shape celestial motion. 🚀🌌**UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND ****LIQUIDS**

Properties of Solids and Liquids Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Elastic Behavior | Exploring how materials deform and return to their original shape. |

Stress-Strain Relationship | Understanding how forces affect the deformation of solids. |

Hooke's Law | Learning about the linear relationship between stress and strain. |

Young's Modulus | Examining a material's resistance to stretching or compression. |

Bulk Modulus and Modulus of Rigidity | Studying materials' responses to changes in volume and shape. |

Pressure Due to a Fluid Column | Exploring how the height of a fluid column affects pressure. |

Pascal's Law and Its Applications | Understanding how pressure applies uniformly in fluids and its practical uses. |

Viscosity | Examining a fluid's resistance to flow. |

Stokes' Law | Learning about the drag force on small particles in a viscous fluid. |

Terminal Velocity | Discovering the constant speed of a falling object in a fluid. |

Streamline and Turbulent Flow | Differentiating between smooth and chaotic fluid flow. |

Reynolds Number | Studying the behavior of fluid flow in pipes and channels. |

Bernoulli's Principle and Its Applications | Understanding how fluid speed and pressure are related, and its practical uses. |

Surface Energy and Surface Tension | Exploring the energy of a liquid's surface and its tension. |

Angle of Contact | Understanding how the shape of droplets on surfaces depends on the angle of contact. |

Applications of Surface Tension - Drops, Bubbles, and Capillary Rise | Discovering how surface tension affects these phenomena. |

Heat, Temperature, and Thermal Expansion | Learning about temperature measurement and how materials expand with heat. |

Specific Heat Capacity and Calorimetry | Examining the amount of heat needed to change the temperature of a substance and its measurement. |

Change of State and Latent Heat | Exploring the energy needed for substances to change from one state to another. |

Heat Transfer - Conduction, Convection, and Radiation | Understanding how heat moves through different mediums. |

Newton's Law of Cooling | Learning about the rate at which objects cool down. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Properties of Solids and Liquids topics make up 5% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending how materials and fluids behave and interact with heat. 🚀🌡️**UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS**

Thermodynamics Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Thermal Equilibrium | Understanding when two objects are in balance at the same temperature. |

Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | Learning the fundamental principle that defines temperature. |

The Concept of Temperature | Exploring the measure of thermal energy in an object. |

Heat, Work, and Internal Energy | Understanding the different forms of energy transfer in thermodynamics. |

The First Law of Thermodynamics | Examining how energy is conserved in thermodynamic processes. |

The Second Law of Thermodynamics | Discovering the principles that govern energy flow and efficiency. |

Reversible and Irreversible Processes | Differentiating between processes that can be undone and those that can't. |

Carnot Engine and Its Efficiency | Studying an ideal heat engine and how efficiently it operates. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Thermodynamics topics make up 9% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending how energy and heat behave in various processes. 🚀🌡️**UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES**

Kinetic Theory of Gases Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Equation of State of a Perfect Gas | Understanding the behavior of ideal gases through an equation. |

Work Done on Compressing a Gas | Examining the energy input when compressing a gas. |

Assumptions of Kinetic Theory of Gases | Learning the foundational assumptions about gas behavior. |

The Concept of Pressure | Understanding the force exerted by gas molecules on their container. |

Kinetic Energy and Temperature | Exploring the relationship between particle motion and temperature. |

RMS Speed of Gas Molecules | Calculating the root mean square speed of gas particles. |

Degrees of Freedom | Understanding the ways gas molecules can store energy. |

Law of Equipartition of Energy | Discovering how energy is distributed among particle motion. |

Applications to Specific Heat Capacities of Gases | Using kinetic theory to explain heat capacities of gases. |

Mean Free Path | Studying the average distance a gas molecule travels before colliding. |

Avogadro's Number | Understanding the number of particles in one mole of a substance. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Kinetic theories of Gases topics make up 5% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending how gas molecules behave and interact with temperature. 🚀🔥**UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES**

Oscillations and Waves Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Periodic Motion | Understanding motion that repeats at regular intervals. |

Period, Frequency, Displacement as a Function of Time | Examining the time-related characteristics of periodic motion. |

Periodic Functions | Learning about functions that exhibit periodic behavior. |

Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and Its Equation | Exploring the fundamental equations for simple harmonic motion. |

Phase | Understanding the position of an oscillating object in its cycle. |

Oscillations of a Spring - Restoring Force and Force Constant | Studying the behavior of a spring in restoring motion. |

Energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and Potential Energies | Discovering the energy interplay in simple harmonic motion. |

Simple Pendulum - Derivation of Expression for Its Period | Calculating the period of a simple pendulum. |

Free, Forced, and Damped Oscillations | Examining different types of oscillations and their characteristics. |

Resonance | Discovering the phenomenon where an external force matches the natural frequency of an oscillating system. |

Wave Motion | Understanding the propagation of disturbances through a medium. |

Longitudinal and Transverse Waves | Distinguishing between waves with particle motion parallel and perpendicular to wave motion. |

Speed of a Wave | Studying how fast waves travel through a medium. |

Displacement Relation for a Progressive Wave | Exploring the relationship between position and time in wave motion. |

Principle of Superposition of Waves | Understanding how waves combine when they overlap. |

Reflection of Waves | Examining how waves change direction upon hitting a barrier. |

Standing Waves in Strings and Organ Pipes | Discovering wave patterns in confined spaces like strings and pipes. |

Fundamental Mode and Harmonics | Understanding the primary oscillation mode and its overtones. |

Beats | Exploring the interference pattern between two waves with slightly different frequencies. |

Doppler Effect in Sound | Studying the change in sound frequency due to relative motion. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Oscillations and Waves topics collectively make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending the behavior of waves and oscillations in various scenarios. 🚀🌊**UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS**

Electrostatics Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Electric Charges | Understanding the concept of electric charge and its conservation. |

Coulomb's Law | Exploring the forces between point charges and the superposition principle for multiple charges. |

Electric Field | Understanding the influence of electric charges on the space around them, including field lines. |

Electric Dipole | Examining the interaction of two opposite point charges in close proximity. |

Torque on a Dipole in a Uniform Electric Field | Studying the rotational force on an electric dipole. |

Electric Flux | Discovering the concept of electric flux and its applications. |

Gauss's Law | Exploring the relationship between electric flux and the enclosed charge. |

Electric Potential | Understanding electric potential and its calculation for various charge configurations. |

Equipotential Surfaces | Examining surfaces where the electric potential is constant. |

Electrical Potential Energy | Discovering the stored energy in electric fields due to charges. |

Conductors and Insulators | Distinguishing materials based on their ability to conduct electricity. |

Dielectrics and Electric Polarization | Understanding the behavior of insulating materials in electric fields. |

Capacitors | Exploring devices that store electrical energy. |

Combination of Capacitors in Series and Parallel | Studying how capacitors are connected in electric circuits. |

Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor | Examining the capacity of a capacitor with or without a dielectric. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Electrostatics topics make up 9% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending the behavior of electric charges and fields. ⚡🔌**UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY**

Current Electricity Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Electric Current | Understanding the flow of electric charge in a circuit. |

Drift Velocity | Examining the speed of charge carriers in a conductor. |

Ohm's Law | Exploring the relationship between current, voltage, and resistance. |

Electrical Resistance | Understanding the opposition to the flow of electric current. |

Resistances of Different Materials | Comparing the resistance properties of various substances. |

V-I Characteristics of Ohmic and Non-Ohmic Conductors | Studying how voltage and current relate in different materials. |

Electrical Energy and Power | Discovering how electrical energy and power consumption are calculated. |

Electrical Resistivity | Understanding a material's inherent resistance to electrical flow. |

Color Code for Resistors | Interpreting the color bands on resistors to determine their values. |

Series and Parallel Combinations of Resistors | Exploring how resistors are connected in circuits. |

Temperature Dependence of Resistance | Examining how resistance changes with temperature. |

Electric Cell and Its Internal Resistance | Studying electrochemical cells and their internal resistance. |

Potential Difference and EMF of a Cell | Understanding the voltage produced by a cell. |

Combination of Cells in Series and Parallel | Examining configurations of multiple cells in circuits. |

Kirchhoff's Laws and Their Applications | Understanding the laws governing current and voltage in circuits. |

Wheatstone Bridge | Exploring a bridge circuit used to measure resistance. |

Meter Bridge | Studying a bridge for precise resistance measurements. |

Potentiometer - Principle and Its Applications | Understanding a device to measure electromotive force and potential difference. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Current Electricity topics collectively make up 8% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending the behavior of electric circuits and components. ⚡🔋**UNIT 13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT ****AND MAGNETISM**

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Biot-Savart Law and Its Application to Current-Carrying Circular Loop | Understanding the law governing magnetic fields created by current. |

Ampere's Law and Its Applications | Exploring a law that relates magnetic fields to current distribution. |

Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields | Studying the forces acting on charged particles in fields. |

Cyclotron | Examining a device for accelerating charged particles. |

Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field | Understanding how magnetic fields interact with conductors. |

Force Between Two Parallel Current-Carrying Conductors and Definition of Ampere | Exploring the attraction or repulsion between current-carrying wires and defining the ampere unit. |

Torque Experienced by a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field | Studying the rotational force acting on a loop in a magnetic field. |

Moving Coil Galvanometer, Its Current Sensitivity, and Conversion to Ammeter and Voltmeter | Understanding a device for measuring small electric currents. |

Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and Its Magnetic Dipole Moment | Examining how a loop of current behaves as a magnetic dipole. |

Bar Magnet as an Equivalent Solenoid and Magnetic Field Lines | Discovering the magnetic behavior of bar magnets. |

Earth's Magnetic Field and Magnetic Elements | Studying the Earth's magnetic field and its properties. |

Para-, Dia-, and Ferromagnetic Substances | Differentiating materials based on their magnetic properties. |

Magnetic Susceptibility and Permeability | Understanding the response of materials to magnetic fields and their ability to transmit magnetic flux. |

Hysteresis | Exploring the lag in magnetization and demagnetization of materials. |

Electromagnets and Permanent Magnets | Understanding the generation of magnetic fields and the characteristics of permanent magnets. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism topics make up 5% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending the behavior of magnetic fields and their interaction with electric currents. 🧲🔌**UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION ****AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS**

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday's Law | Understanding how changing magnetic fields induce electromotive force (emf). |

Induced emf and Current: Lenz's Law, Eddy Currents | Examining the direction of induced currents and the consequences of changing magnetic fields. |

Self and Mutual Inductance | Studying the inductance of coils and their interaction in circuits. |

Alternating Currents | Exploring the continuous change in the direction of electric current. |

Peak and RMS Value of Alternating Current/Voltage | Understanding the maximum and root mean square values of AC. |

Reactance and Impedance | Examining the opposition to AC flow and the overall resistance. |

LCR Series Circuit, Resonance | Studying circuits with inductance, capacitance, and resistance, and their resonant behavior. |

Quality Factor | Understanding the efficiency of resonance in a circuit. |

Power in AC Circuits, Wattless Current | Exploring power consumption and reactive power in AC circuits. |

AC Generator and Transformer | Discovering devices that generate and transform alternating current. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents topics collectively make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending electromagnetic induction and alternating current circuits. ⚡🔄**UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES**

Electromagnetic Waves Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Electromagnetic Waves and Their Characteristics | Understanding the properties and behavior of electromagnetic waves. |

The Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves | Exploring how these waves oscillate perpendicular to their direction of propagation. |

Electromagnetic Spectrum | Studying the full range of electromagnetic waves, from radio waves to gamma rays. |

Applications of Electromagnetic Waves | Discovering how these waves are used in various technologies and fields. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Electromagnetic Waves topics collectively make up 5% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending the nature and applications of electromagnetic waves. 📡🌐**UNIT 16: OPTICS**

Optics Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Reflection and Refraction of Light | Understanding how light changes direction at surfaces and in media. |

Plane and Spherical Surfaces | Examining the behavior of light at flat and curved interfaces. |

Mirror Formula | Studying the equation used to calculate image distance in mirrors. |

Total Internal Reflection and Its Applications | Exploring the phenomenon of complete reflection and its practical uses. |

Deviation and Dispersion of Light by a Prism | Understanding how prisms change the path of light and separate colors. |

Lens Formula | Learning the formula for calculating image distance in lenses. |

Magnification | Examining the size change between an object and its image. |

Power of a Lens | Discovering the ability of a lens to bend light and its strength. |

Combination of Thin Lenses in Contact | Studying the interaction of multiple lenses. |

Microscope and Astronomical Telescope | Understanding these optical instruments and their magnification. |

Wave Optics | Exploring the behavior of light as a wave. |

Wavefront and Huygens' Principle | Studying the concept of wavefronts and their creation. |

Laws of Reflection and Refraction Using Huygens' Principle | Understanding how these laws apply to wave optics. |

Interference | Examining the interaction of waves and the interference phenomenon. |

Young's Double-Slit Experiment and Expression for Fringe Width | Discovering how light behaves when passing through two slits. |

Coherent Sources | Studying sources that produce waves with a constant phase relationship. |

Sustained Interference of Light | Exploring long-lasting interference patterns. |

Diffraction Due to a Single Slit and Width of Central Maximum | Understanding how waves spread when passing through a single slit. |

Resolving Power of Microscopes and Astronomical Telescopes | Studying the ability to distinguish small details using optical instruments. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Optics topics collectively make up 10% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending the behavior of light and its applications in optical systems. 🌈🔍**UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION**

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Dual Nature of Radiation | Understanding the behavior of light and matter as both waves and particles. |

Photoelectric Effect | Exploring the emission of electrons when light falls on a material. |

Hertz and Lenard's Observations; Einstein's Photoelectric Equation | Studying early observations and Einstein's equation explaining the photoelectric effect. |

Particle Nature of Light | Discovering light's behavior as particles or photons. |

Matter Waves-Wave Nature of Particle, de Broglie Relation | Examining the wave-like properties of particles and the de Broglie equation. |

Davisson-Germer Experiment | Understanding the experiment that demonstrated the wave-like nature of electrons. |

Electromagnetic Waves and Their Characteristics | Exploring the properties of electromagnetic waves. |

Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves | Studying how electromagnetic waves oscillate perpendicular to their direction of propagation. |

Electromagnetic Spectrum | Examining the full range of electromagnetic waves, from radio waves to gamma rays. |

Applications of Electromagnetic Waves | Discovering how these waves are used in various technologies and fields. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation topics collectively make up 6% of the content. Understanding these principles is crucial for comprehending the behavior of light and matter at the quantum level. 🌟🔬**UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI**

Atoms and Nuclei Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Alpha-Particle Scattering Experiment | Understanding the experiment that led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus. |

Rutherford's Model of Atom | Examining the atomic model proposing a central nucleus. |

Bohr Model, Energy Levels, Hydrogen Spectrum | Studying the atomic model with quantized energy levels and its application to the hydrogen spectrum. |

Composition and Size of Nucleus | Discovering the central part of an atom and its properties. |

Atomic Masses, Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones | Differentiating atomic characteristics and related terms. |

Radioactivity and Its Particles/Rays and Properties | Exploring the emission of alpha, beta, and gamma radiation and their properties. |

Radioactive Decay Law | Understanding the mathematical description of radioactive decay. |

Mass-Energy Relation, Mass Defect | Examining the relationship between mass and energy and the concept of mass defect. |

Binding Energy per Nucleon and Its Variation with Mass Number | Studying the energy required to hold a nucleus together and its dependence on mass number. |

Nuclear Fission and Fusion | Discovering the processes of splitting and combining atomic nuclei. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Atoms and Nuclei topics collectively make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending atomic structure and nuclear processes. 🧪🌌**UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES**

Electronic Devices Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Semiconductors | Understanding materials with properties between conductors and insulators. |

Semiconductor Diode | Examining the behavior of diodes in forward and reverse bias. |

Diode as a Rectifier | Discovering how diodes are used to convert alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC). |

I-V Characteristics of LED | Studying the current-voltage relationship in Light Emitting Diodes. |

Photodiode, Solar Cell, and Zener Diode | Exploring the applications of these diodes in light sensing, energy conversion, and voltage regulation. |

Junction Transistor | Understanding the construction and operation of transistors. |

Transistor Action | Examining how transistors amplify and switch electronic signals. |

Elements of a Transistor | Discovering the components and structure of a transistor. |

Transistor as an Amplifier (Common Emitter Configuration) | Studying how transistors amplify signals in a common emitter configuration. |

Transistor as an Oscillator | Exploring the use of transistors in generating oscillating signals. |

Logic Gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) | Understanding the fundamental building blocks of digital circuits. |

Transistor as a Switch | Examining how transistors are employed as electronic switches. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Electronic Devices topics collectively make up 3% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending electronic components and their applications. 📟🔌**UNIT 20: COMMUNICATION SYSTEM**

Communication Systems Topics |
Description |
---|---|

Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in the Atmosphere | Understanding how radio waves travel through the air. |

Sky and Space Wave Propagation | Examining the different paths radio waves can take in communication. |

Need for Modulation | Discovering the reasons behind the modulation of signals for transmission. |

Amplitude and Frequency Modulation | Studying two common methods of signal modulation. |

Bandwidth of Signals | Understanding the range of frequencies in a signal. |

Bandwidth of the Transmission Medium | Examining the capacity of the medium to carry signals. |

Basic Elements of a Communication System | Exploring the building blocks of a communication system through a block diagram. |

**Weightage:**In the JEE Main exam, these Communication Systems topics collectively make up 5% of the content. Understanding these principles is essential for comprehending how information is transmitted and received. 📡🌐**Section- B (Practical) :**

**UNIT 21: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS**

Experiments and Activities |
Description |
---|---|

Vernier Calipers | Measuring the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel. |

Screw Gauge | Determining the thickness/diameter of a thin sheet or wire. |

Simple Pendulum | Studying energy dissipation by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time. |

Meter Scale | Finding the mass of an object using the principle of moments. |

Young's Modulus | Measuring the elasticity of a metallic wire's material. |

Surface Tension of Water | Exploring surface tension through the capillary rise and the effect of detergents. |

Coefficient of Viscosity | Determining the viscosity of a viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a spherical body. |

Cooling Curve | Plotting the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time. |

Speed of Sound in Air | Measuring the speed of sound at room temperature using a resonance tube. |

Specific Heat Capacity | Determining specific heat capacity for (i) solid and (ii) liquid by the method of mixtures. |

Resistivity of Material | Finding the resistivity of a given wire using a meter bridge. |

Resistance of Wire | Measuring the resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law. |

Potentiometer | (i) Comparing emf of two primary cells, (ii) Determining the internal resistance of a cell. |

Galvanometer Figure of Merit | Finding resistance and figure of merit by the half-deflection method. |

Focal Length of Optical Devices | Measuring the focal length of (i) the convex mirror, (ii) the concave mirror, and (iii) the convex lens using the parallax method. |

Refraction of Glass Slab | Determining the refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope. |

Characteristic Curves of Diodes | Understanding the characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias and the Zener diode's reverse breakdown voltage. |

**No weightage has been provided for the section B as such.***Right Resources For JEE Main Preparation*

When preparing for the JEE Main 2024 exam, having the right resources is essential, and choosing the right books that align with the syllabus can greatly aid your preparation. Here's a selection of highly recommended books to help you in your JEE Main journey:
- "Concepts of Physics" Volume 1 and Volume 2 by H.C. Verma: These books are renowned for their clear explanations and comprehensive coverage of fundamental physics concepts.
- "Problems in General Physics" by I.E. Irodov: This book offers a wide array of challenging problems to enhance your problem-solving skills and deepen your understanding of physics.
- "Fundamentals of Physics" by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker: This well-known textbook provides a strong foundation in physics through clear explanations, numerous examples, and engaging illustrations.
- "Advanced Physics" by Nelkon and Parker: This book covers advanced topics in physics and is useful for students aiming for a deeper understanding of the subject.
- "Problems in Physics" by A.A. Pinsky: With its extensive collection of practice problems, this book serves as a valuable resource to sharpen your problem-solving abilities.
- "Objective Questions on Physics - Chapterwise Solved Papers" by D.C. Pandey: This book contains a compilation of chapter-wise solved papers, allowing you to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and practice solving objective-type questions.
- "Feynman Lectures on Physics" by Feynman, Leighton, and Sands: While not specifically designed for JEE Main, this classic set of lectures provides a unique perspective on physics and can deepen your conceptual understanding.

**Conclusion**

The **IIT JEE Physics syllabus**may seem difficult to figure out, but with the correct tools, perseverance, and a positive outlook, success is attainable. Candidates can properly prioritize their preparation by understanding the weighted distribution of topics. Never forget that education is your key, passion drives your resolve, and endurance is your power. Get the recommended books, and work practice problems, and don't be afraid to ask for more assistance when needed. Take the risk, have faith in your talents, and let your love for physics bloom.*Wishing you luck on your journey to success in the IIT JEE Physics exam!***It is a long-established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content. For Best IIT JEE Coaching in Chandigarh, contact Zetta Career Institute. Proven Results. Best Faculty. No.1 Institute in Chandigarh for XI-IIT JEE, XII-IIT JEE, Dropper's Batch, Crash Courses, Test Series Batches for IIT JEE.**